U.S. Hispanics at Risk
Hispanic Population Trends
LINI believes, that together, we can positively impact the health of U.S. Latinos from cradle to grave … with a special focus on infants, children and our older adults. Food and nutrition for sustenance, health, and enjoyment are keys to developing a strong and vibrant U.S. Hispanic population.
So just what are the numbers? The U.S. Census Bureau projects that Latinos will soon be the largest American minority group, making up nearly 30 percent of the population.
More About the Hispanic Population
U.S. Hispanics are comprised of individuals from many different countries with a common language that bounds the ethnic group together. According to Pew Hispanic, the 10 largest Hispanic origin groups—Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Salvadorans, Dominicans, Guatemalans, Colombians, Hondurans, Ecuadorians and Peruvians—make up 92% of the U.S. Hispanic population. Six Hispanic origin groups have populations greater than 1 million.
Hispanic origin groups differ from each other in a number of ways. For instance, U.S. Hispanics of Mexican origin have the lowest median age, at 25 years, while Hispanics of Cuban origin have the highest median age, at 40 years. Colombians are the most likely to have a college degree (32%) while Salvadorans are the least likely (7%). Ecuadorians have the highest annual median household income ($50,000) while Dominicans have the lowest ($34,000). Half of Hondurans do not have health insurance—the highest share among Hispanic origin groups. By contrast, just 15% of Puerto Ricans do not have health insurance.
Population Trends for Hispanic Older Adults
The growth in the number and proportion of older adults is unprecedented in the history of the United States. Two factors—longer life spans and aging baby boomers—will combine to double the population of Americans aged 65 years or older during the next 25 years to about 72 million according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2010, there were 2,781,624 million Hispanic older adults in the U.S., meaning that more than one out of 15 older adults was Hispanic. By 2019 the Census Bureau predicts that Hispanic older adults will be the largest diverse aging group in the country. By 2030, older adults will account for roughly 20% of the U.S. population. By 2050, the racial and ethnic diversity of older U.S. adults will have changed even more profoundly.
Older non-Hispanic white adults, long deemed the “majority population,” will account for only about 58% of the total population aged 65 or older, a decline of more than 20% from 2010. During the same period, the proportion of older Hispanics will almost triple—from 7% in 2010 to nearly 20% in 2050.
Population Trends for Hispanic Children
Today, the nation’s children and their parents are racially and ethnically more diverse than ever, and the number of children from immigrant or non-English-speaking families is growing. To effectively meet the needs of all children and ensure the long-term prosperity of the country, communities must deliver services and programs with cultural competency and a focus on equitable outcomes. According to the Child Trends Hispanic Institute, Latino children figure prominently in this landscape, and will play a key role in shaping our country’s future. Preparing for and understanding the implications of our shared future begins with an understanding of who America’s Latino children are, and how they are faring. One in four children in the U.S. today is Hispanic.
Today, descendants of Hispanic families that settled in the lands that now make up the Southwestern United States, together with more recent arrivals from the primarily Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America, and Spain, comprise our Hispanic population. Hispanics are nearly one in four of U.S. children —17.5 million, as of 2013. The percentage of the child population that is Hispanic has more than doubled over the last three decades. By 2050, the share of children who are Hispanic is projected to pull even with the proportion who are white—each accounting for about one-third of the total child population. Nearly all Latino children were born here in the U.S. Nearly all Latino children—over 90 percent—were born here in the United States. In fact, much of the recent growth in the Latino population has been a result of births to families already living here, rather than immigration.